Gingivitis, also referred to as gum disease, is an inflammation of the gums and soft tissues surrounding the teeth. Excellent dental hygiene and regular visits to the San Jose dentist Dr. A Heidari are the best way to prevent gingivitis. Although the condition can be mild to uncomfortable, if left untreated it can lead to other more serious complications. While gingivitis is fairly common, it is important to understand the underlying causes and symptoms so as to be able to recognize and prevent it from causing harm to your teeth and gums.
Gingivitis is essentially a bacterial infection in the mouth! Healthy mouths normally contain large amounts of bacteria, however, when plaque begins to form on the teeth, the bacteria can cause damage. In addition, some people generally have other issues that may contribute to gum disease. Medical condition such as high blood pressure, diabetes, Wegner disease, or HIV can cause problems, and prolonged use of drugs such as methamphetamine can contribute to gum disease. Also, hormonal changes accompanied by puberty or pregnancy can be a contributing factor.
Symptoms of Gum Disease
The symptoms of gum disease are straightforward and easy to recognize. They include swelling and redness of the gums, soreness, bleeding, bad breath and receding gum line. When these symptoms are noticed, it is necessary to seek treatment. For simple gingivitis, dentists scrape off the plaque responsible for the inflammation. In most cases, a thorough cleaning and education about continuing oral hygiene will stop gingivitis in it’s tracks. Once the source of the bacterial infection has been removed, given some time, the body will heal and the inflammation will go down. Continuing regular dental visits will control any forming plaque build-ups and keep gingivitis from coming back.
If Left Untreated
Despite the body’s warning signs, many people allow their gum disease to go untreated. If left to run it’s course, gingivitis can develop into a more severe periodontal infection. The teeth become loose, roots are exposed, and the infection can spread into the teeth and even bone. Losing teeth and even some bone can happen which would require tooth replacement with dental implants, dentures, or bridges. The most severe case is called acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG). It requires emergency medical care and can be life threatening. Neglecting the mouth can be just as serious as neglecting the body.
Contact San Jose Dentist Dr. Heidari
Give us a call at 408.999.0444 if you have symptoms of gum disease!
2510 Stevens Creek Blvd.
San Jose, CA 95128